Clinical Depression

Most go through periods of feeling sad or blue. But these feelings are usually short-lived and pass within a couple of days. Clinical depression is a serious medical illness that negatively affects how you live your day to day activities,

Some people think that Clinical depression is not a genuine health condition, the y could not be more wrong, it’s a serious illness that can last for weeks, months and sometimes years. It may even influence someone to contemplate or attempt suicide.

Signs and symptoms of clinical depression

Everyone experiences some of these symptoms once in a while, however if you have them for more than two week then may be experiencing depression.

  • Feelings of sadness or irritability
  • Changes in sleeping patterns
  • Feeling guilty, hopeless or worthless
  • Inability to concentrate, remember things, or make decisions
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Restlessness or decreased activity noticed by others
  • Thoughts of suicide or death

Physical Symptoms

  • tired all the time
  • sick and run down
  • headaches and muscle pains
  • churning gut
  • sleep problems
  • loss or change of appetite
  • significant weight loss or gain
  • Loss of interest in sex and activities once enjoyed

Other types of depression

There are different types of depression, and some conditions where depression may be one of the symptoms. These include:

postnatal depression – some women develop depression after they have a baby; this is known as postnatal depression and it’s treated in a similar way to other types of depression, with talking therapies and antidepressant medicines

bipolar disorder – also known as “manic depression”, in bipolar disorder there are spells of both depression and excessively high mood (mania); the depression symptoms are similar to clinical depression, but the bouts of mania can include harmful behaviour, such as gambling, going on spending sprees and having unsafe sex

seasonal affective disorder (SAD) – also known as “winter depression”, SAD is a type of depression with a seasonal pattern usually related to winter.

Causes

  • Biological

A change in brain activity is almost always associated with major depressive disorder. There is decreased activity in the left frontal lobe during depression and a rise in activity following stabilization of mood. These discrepancies between over-active and under-active regions of the brain are at the biological cause of major depressive disorder.

  • environmental

At some point, nearly everyone encounters stressful life events: the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, an illness, or a relationship spiraling downward. Some must cope with the early loss of a parent, violence, or sexual abuse. While not everyone who faces these stresses develops a mood disorder — in fact, most do not — stress plays an important role in depression.

Stress has its own physiological consequences. It triggers a chain of chemical reactions and responses in the body. If the stress is short-lived, the body usually returns to normal. But when stress is chronic or the system gets stuck in overdrive, changes in the body and brain can be long-lasting.

 

Treatment of Clinical Depression:

There are a variety of antidepressant medications and psycho therapies that are effective in treating illnesses.  electroconvulsive treatment (ECT), and other somatic therapies. However, ECT is generally avoided, except in extreme circumstances, in favor of both psychotherapy and antidepressants. A medical psychiatrist can provide both psychotherapy services and prescribe antidepressants, which differ for each person based on individual needs.

If you find yourself experiencing any of the symptoms or relating in any way to major depression disorder, you should seek assistance from a medical professional. Thankfully, major depressive disorder has become much less stigmatized in recent years. There is plenty of in-depth information available about depression, and your chosen medical professional is often likely to go through it with you so you can choose the best treatment for your lifestyle.

You should feel as though you have options. You most likely will not have to be burdened by this disease and the negativity that often comes with symptoms of depression. Talking to a counselor and a medical professional is the first step to living a happier, more fulfilling life.